On December 26, 1862, 38 Dakota warriors were hanged until they were dead, under the Presidential Order of Abraham Lincoln. Over 4,000 spectators looked on during this, the largest mass execution in U.S. history- and cheered as the ax swung, cutting the rope that would kill them all. These innocent Dakota men, a few of whom it was said were mentally disabled, bore the full weight of this nation’s wrath, greed, lies, and bloodthirst. Before they were marched out to the scaffold specially constructed to kill them, they prayed together, comforted loved ones, and smoked the canupa. They faced death with honor. Some of them held hands. Their bodies dangled from the scaffold for a half hour before being cut down and taken to a shallow mass grave on a sandbar between Mankato’s main street and the Minnesota River. That night, most of the bodies were dug up and taken to physicians for use as medical cadavers. The Dakota people were then separated. Some were sent to prison in Iowa, or concentration camps like the one at Sisseton, while others escaped to Canada and North Dakota. Women and children were marched to Crow Creek in the freezing cold and snow, some barely clothed- wearing little more than potato sacks. Some managed to stay alive in Minnesota, even though a reward was given to those who brought in Dakota scalps. Many, many died. Months later, Chief Little Crow was murdered, his corpse, mutilated and displayed.
We must not forget them. Say a prayer for the runners and riders who honor them, as well as those conducting ceremonies. Wopida tanka.
Pictured: The names of the Dakota 38. Courtesy Dakota Wicohan.
"Deadskins" is a popular reference to the Redsk*ns team by both fans opposed to the team and by team fans when the team performs "poorly."
For those who still don’t know Redskin literally means the scalp of a dead Indian man, woman, or child.
Honor treaties Not mascots
NASA astronaut Karen Nyberg is a self proclaimed crafter. A week ago she made a stuffed dinosaur from scraps on the space station. The little T-rex is made form the lining of Russian food containers and the toy is stuffed with scraps from an old T-shirt. While many toys have flown into space, this is the first produced in space.
So, as we all know, I’ve been more than a little obsessed with Frozen lately, and I thought it would be interesting to reset the film in the prehistoric Arctic. I mean, what would be more disastrous than a second winter to an Arctic culture?
Anna’s snow goggles and Elsa’s whale hair comb are based off of Punuk or Old Bering Sea artifacts. The face tattoos are based on Inuit or Inupiat tattoos, but there are some prehistoric masks that look like the tattoo details, so I went with them.
I have some pencil and paper sketches of full costumes, but just did the faces today because they take a while. I tried to stay relatively true to the facial structure of the original characters, but didn’t want to just draw Norwegian princesses with brown skin, so I changed some features around. I used Jin Kim’s emotion sketches as references for the Arctic Anna and Elsa.
I wanted to draw Death, because she is my favorite of the Endless, but I wanted to give her big wild hair like mine, and then midway through I realized that I had kind of melded Death and Dream. Somehow the result was a very…sultry…Death. I’m not sure I really like how she turned out, but I like her outfit quite a bit. This was also one of my airport drawings.